The strategy to accelerate the use of renewable energy which complying with carbon emission reduction and the Role of University in Indonesia
Former Dean of Engineering Faculty,
Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Indonesia with 240 million population is working hard in complying with it's rapid energy demand increases. In 2010 the total amount of energy consumed was around 160 MTOE (Million Tons of Oil Equivalent) and almost of it (92%) was supplied from fossil energy source. In the scenario of energy demand in 2025 years and 2050 years, the total primary energy to be consumed is around 400 MTOE and 1000 MTOE. In complying with Carbon Dioxide Emission reduction, Indonesia has set up a dramatically scenario to bost of renewable energy contribution to be 23% in its national energy mix scenario for 2025 years. The contribution of renewable energy comes from water, geothermal, solar PV, Bio-gass and Bio-mass, Bio-fuel, and others. For implementing to reach this target, it is believed that many barrier and obstacles that must be overcome, which includes technology, pricing policy, research and development, social and culture habit, the role of central and local government and electricity tarif structure. at this moment, electricity tariff structure still not in line for supporting the development and utilization of energy produced from renewable energy. To boost and accelerate the use of renewable energy, the Government of Indonesia (GOI) has invited research institution and university to take part and play a role in research and development, social and culture education for transforming renewable energy in daily activities, dissemination to the community and local government leaders for improving understanding that dependent on fossil energy only, will not guarantee the energy security of the country. Responding to the government invitation and it's responsibility as a centre of knowledge in Indonesia, Gadjah Mada University has been taking part and set up many activities in line with the government policy. The role and experiences of Gadjah Mada University to participate in supporting government policy in accelerating the use of renewable energy will be discussed.